Western Pennsylvania Law Library Association

A chapter of the American Association of Law Libraries.

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October 2021 Link Roundup

Government Law Librarians: Let’s Talk! (notesbetweenus.com)
A county law librarian shares insights into a seven-year career and offers some areas in which government law librarians should engage in deeper discussion.

6 Strategies for Exhausted Working Parents (Harvard Business Review)
Working parents are depleted. Every single one of the dozens of working moms and dads the author has coached over these past several weeks has voiced some version of the “I’m driving on empty” feeling. And now vacation is over, school is gearing back up, and the return to in-person work is here or looming. Which leaves working parents asking: How can I face all of the changes in these coming months when I’m feeling this depleted? The author offer six techniques to try to reset and build your forward momentum.

2021 Update to Choosing Law Librarianship: Thoughts for People Contemplating a Career Move (LLRX.com)
From the introduction: “I was fortunate to have some good advice when I was thinking about my move to law librarianship. By now, towards the end of my career, I have many observations and opinions of my own to share with readers who are now thinking about that move.”

GPO Posts 7,466 Congressional Research Service Reports Records on GitHub (Federal Depository Library Program)
From the post: “As of July 31, 2021, GPO has cataloged 7,466 CRS reports. GPO has posted files of the records in UTF-8, MARC-8, and MARCXML in the Congressional Research Service Reports Collection of the CGP on the GitHub repository. … Information about downloading the files is available on the Sources of GPO Cataloging Records page on FDLP.gov. A GitHub account is not required for downloading the files.”

News of the Sad: Lowlights from the 2021 ABA Profile of the Legal Profession (RIPS Law Librarian Blog)
The American Bar Association’s review of the legal profession does not present a positive outlook, as lawyers deal with rising debt, stress, depression, lack of diversity, and the conditions of working through a pandemic.

GPO and Law Library of Congress Make Volumes of Nation’s Most Treasured Publications Digitally Available (GPO.gov)
Volumes of the United States Congressional Serial Set are now available for public use on GPO’s govinfo website, with plans to publish over 15,000 volumes over the next ten years.

New Journals Added to HeinOnline: September 2021 (HeinOnline)
HeinOnline adds seven new journals to its ever-expanding Law Journal Library.

How to Spell and Grammar Check in Excel (makeuseof.com)
Spell check: It’s not just for Word anymore! Learn how to make sure your spelling and grammar are correct in Microsoft Excel.

This wild Chrome extension lets you bend websites to your will (Fast Company)
A rundown on the powerful PixieBrix extension for Chrome, prefect for decluttering websites and adding custom user tools to your web browsing experience.

Firefox 93 Is Now Available: Here’s What’s New (makeuseof.com)
Mozilla’s latest release of Firefox has improvements to privacy, security, and image display.

Federal District Court Enjoins Texas’ Controversial “Heartbeat” Abortion Ban (ReligionClause.blogspot.com)
Enforcement of Texas S.B. 8 has been enjoined by a federal district court, and the State of Texas has filed a notice of appeal.

A Century-Long ‘Reign of Error’ for a Supreme Court Typo (New York Times)
In Supreme Court opinions, even one wrong letter can cause a wave of chaos.

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November Link Roundup

WPLLA member Cindy Cicco sent an invitation to join the weekly ALCTS e-Forum; specifically on called “eBook Management: What Works, What Doesn’t.” The event takes place on 11/13-11/14, so if you’re hearing about this for the first time on the WPLLA website, you’re out of luck. Perhaps one of our members who attended can fill us in on the details? Connect with any one of WPLLA’s board members and we’ll get a write-up on the site. If you’re interested in receiving information on upcoming ALCTS e-forums, check out the events website.


Fastcase Bulks Up on Treatises and Practice Guides From James Publishing On November 8, 2018, Fastcase announced a new partnership with James Publishing. James Publishing releases “. . . legal practice materials  including model pleadings, client letters, and step-by-step procedural checklists, pattern arguments, model questions,  and practice tips.” This move helps position Fastcase as a “. . .  full service legal research and analytics platform.”


Corbin on Pennsylvania Contracts The text, Corbin on Pennsylvania Contracts, is available for sale at the LexisNexis store. It covers Commonwealth-specific topics like the Uniform Written Obligations Act, the evidence of fraud needed to invalidate a contract, and the “four corners” approach to contract interpretation and construction (among many others).


How to Be a More Patient Person Experts have “. . . found that patience as a personality trait is modifiable.” Read through this article for info on how to control your temper and increase your patience.


The Essential Ebook Converter Guide For a discussion on the 12+ common file types associated with e-books (and the compatibility with different e-readers), check out this article!
PaperShip: Access Your Zotero-Stored Sources on your Phone The Harvard Law School Library’s Blog, Et Seq., recently posted information about Zotero, a citation management software. The post includes a Zotero training PowerPoint slide deck and information on PaperShip, an app available through Apple’s app store to that allows users to “. . . get immediate access to the sources you have stored in your Zotero account.”


The GovLab Launches The Living Library – A New Resource on Technology, Innovation and Governance The GovLab at NYU Tandon School of Engineering recently launched The Living Library. This is “. . . A new resource that seeks to inform those interested in and working at the intersection of technology, innovation, and governance.” Review, search, and filter by categories like “. . .  geography, topic, governance level, or sector.”


When Microsoft’s Word Count feature goes to court The Legal Office Guru explains how to set the Word Count feature to include footnotes for Microsoft Word users. (HINT: there’s a checkbox to “include textboxes, footnotes and endnotes.) Read through the post for detailed instructions!


You Spin Me Right Round… A good lesson on the people (” . . . In house or outside counsel, senior partner or fresh faced associate, law clerk or technologist”) “. . . grappling with what to do and how to make sense of all of the changes happening in the industry.” Many of these changes are related to tech – either direct changes because of it, or ancillary changes by adapting to it. Please read the entire thoughtful post to gain more insights into the changes, and potential ways to combat resistance to and/or pivot with them.


CRS Report – Types of Committee Hearings Another interesting CRS report (made available on Every CRS Report, obviously) on the four types of Congressional committee hearings: “. . . legislative, oversight, investigative, and confirmation.”


Here’s What It’s Actually Like To Be A Librarian A “human interest” news story from BuzzFeedNews: a tally of the 1,400 responses to an informal survey of public sector librarians (including details on projects they’re working on, their pet peeves, and more).


Introduction to the Legislative Process in the U.S. Congress From the website Every CRS Report comes a link to a CRS report which details “. . . the main steps through which a bill (or other item of business) may travel in the legislative process—from introduction to committee and floor consideration to possible presidential consideration.” And take note – this CRS report identifies multiple other CRS reports that detail the many other ” . . . specific elements of congressional procedure” (check out this link for more titles).


As Federal Courts Urge Caution On Docket Services, Vendors Respond After many federal courts sent “. . . notices to attorneys urging them to exercise caution” when using companies that provide federal docket access services, many of these vendors began taking steps to remedy the concerns – though others proclaimed loudly that the caution should not apply to them. Click the link to learn more about the issues and the PR responses.


Download 569 Free Art Books from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Culture links to MetPublications, the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s website “. . . offering ‘five decades of Met Museum publications on art history available to read, download, and/or search for free.'”


Exonerees Racing Against a Tax Clock Defense attorneys and anyone working with populations of exonerees should know that the filing deadline for a special exoneree tax refund under the Wrongful Conviction Tax Relief Act is December 17, 2018.


THE LEGAL INFORMATION INSTITUTE PUBLISHES ENHANCED CONSTITUTION ANNOTATED Cornell University’s Legal Information Institute has published “. . . the first publicly-available web version of the Congressional Research Service’s Constitution Annotated, a non-partisan publication that helps readers appreciate how Americans’ collective understanding of our governing principles has changed throughout our history on timely issues such as the scope of presidential power, limits on free speech, or the right to bear arms.”


Opinion: Inside Bloomberg BNA’s Fall Pricing Surprise Linked from Legaltechnews, author Michael Feit “. . . examines recent price increases for Bloomberg BNA and what it means for the company’s market positioning.”


You Think Legal Education Can’t Change? 8 Innovative Ideas from Law Schools Innovation is everywhere – even the ivory tower. Click through for eight new legal education ideas that could revamp the student experience and the profession itself.
Legal Research Companies Post Laws Online, but Do They Own the Data? If laws, regulations, and judicial opinions aren’t copyrightable, what to do about private companies who format, upload, and otherwise make this information available?


Top 10 Tips for Solos and Young Lawyers Collected by beSpacific from two different ABA articles, anyone new to the practice of law should click through for a series of thoughtful tips for solo practitioners and young attorneys.


Assessing Academic Law Libraries’ Performance And Implementing Change While Reducing Budget Paul Caron of the TaxProf Blog highlights a recent law review article by Linda Kawaguchi. Kawaguchi worked to re-orient the Chapman University Law Library; she documented results that included adding new staff and purchasing new database while decreasing total library expenditures “. . . 16% from fiscal year 2010-11 to 2015-16.”


How To Grow A Lawyer: A Guide For Law Schools, Law Professors, And Law Students Paul Caron of the TaxProf Blog thoughtfully reviews Fruehwald’s text, How to Grow a Lawyer. Fruehwald argues for a radical transformation to legal education, and advocates for a rejection of “. . . everything from the past that does not grow effective lawyers.”


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October Link Roundup

FDsys Website to be Retired This December Links to additional info on the transition from the GPO’s Federal Digital System (“FDsys”) to Gov Info. FYI (for those of you who’ve somehow made it this far without hearing the news): FDsys will be fully retired this December!
The FY2019-2023 Strategic Plan of the Library of Congress The Library of Congress announced exciting new changes to put “. . . users first.” Click the link to learn more about plans for “. . . expanding access and enhancing services, while applying data and optimizing resources.”
Try the New Experimental Congress.gov Chrome Browser Extension A new open source Google Chrome browser extension (available for download at the link) offers the ability to help ” . . . quickly discover the primary source” of legislation discussed in news stories. By highlighting a bill’s citation on a webpage, the extension will bring a user to the bill summary’s landing page on Congress.gov. Because the extension is still in beta, it’s not yet available on the Google Chrome Web store (hence the download).
In an email sent by Rita Young (and initially spotted by Karen Shepherd), the SLA Solo Librarians Division & Route 66 Chapter presented a session called, “Challenges of Being an Embedded Librarian.” If you’re reading about this for the first time in the Monthly Recap posted on the wplla.org website, you’ve missed it. But if any WPLLA member attended, please reach out to let us know what you thought!
5 Free JPG to PDF Converters: Combine Images Easily Into PDFs If you need to convert an image file to a .pdf, try one of these free websites or services that can help you with the task! Options include JPG2pdf.com, iLovePDF.com, JPG to PDF converter for Mac & Windows, SmallPDF.com, and PDFCandy.com. Click the link for more info on each one.
Harvard Political Review – The 21st Century Library Comparing the traditional memory (or misconception) of the library to the contemporary version (one filled with “. . . students consumed by laptops” and librarians helping patrons “. . . access databases, not . . . retrieve documents”), this Harvard Political Review article, linked by beSpacific, denounces the perceived obsolescence of libraries and instead explains how they’ve evolved to become important in our modern and ever-changing world.
How to Set Follow-up Reminders for Email in Outlook If your Outlook 2016 email account “. . . is set up with the IMAP protocol rather than POP3 or Exchange Server,” you may have difficulty flagging a message for follow-up or setting an email reminder for yourself. Review this blog post at Attorney at Work for a step-by-step instruction on how to set reminders by turning Outlook emails into tasks.
WPLLA member Dr. Joel Fishman forwarded an important announcement from HeinOnline: the U.S. Congressional Serial Set is now available. Any subscriber to the U.S. Academic Core+ package has access to this content at no extra charge, courtesy of the subscription.
New Bots From DoNotPay Includes One That Lets You Sue In Any Small Claims Court At The Press Of A Button DoNotPay (discussed in an October 18, 2018 blog post on the WPLLA.org website) has launched several new “. . . legal and consumer-protection bots, including one “. . . that will enable individuals to file an action in any small claims court in the United States.”
TECH THURSDAY: PASSWORD MANAGERS The Cleveland Law Library links to PCMag.com to identify the best free password managers.
American democracy is fracturing. Libraries say they know how to help Defenders of U.S. public libraries claim that “. . . in a fractured society, libraries are a crucial way to fight the ravages of scorched earth partisanship, rising social discord, and educational inequalities.”
What’s new to Congress.gov in October? There are several new enhancements to Congress.gov, including an Advanced Legislation Search which allows users to see all names associated with a Committee and a Search Results Navigation improvement that lists all amendments for a specific bill.
New GODORT website Though the GODORT wiki is no longer being updated, the main GODORT website just got a new makeover! More pages will be added in the upcoming weeks, but feel free to click through to get a feel for the new experience.
Appeals Court Says Georgia’s Laws (Including Annotations) Are Not Protected By Copyright And Free To Share Quoting a post from techdirt, beSpacific notes that “[t]he 11th Circuit appeals court has just overturned a lower court ruling and said that Georgia’s laws, including annotations, are not covered by copyright, and it is not infringing to post them online.” This in-depth post gives a thoughtful backstory to the saga, complete with multiple links.
100 Websites That Shaped The Internet As We Know It beSpacific links to a Gizmodo article that attempts to define “. . . a canon of the most significant websites of all time.” Some of the sites on the list are “cesspools” and the authors don’t include apps or services; however, this list serves as a pretty good “. . . evaluation of power and who has seized it.”
12 Authors Write About the Libraries They Love “The New York Times asked 12 authors to describe their local public libraries or share a memory of a library from their past.”
LC – Foreign Law Web Archives In a significant compilation first identified at The Signal and later defined in this beSpacific post, experts discuss significant Library of Congress collections, including the Foreign Law Web Archive (“. . . comprised of foreign legal materials, including online gazettes and judicial websites”).
ABA ethics opinion offers guidance on data breaches “Lawyers have to safeguard client data and notify clients of a data breach, and the ABA Standing Committee on Ethics and Professional Responsibility has issued a formal opinion that reaffirms that duty.” This beSpacific post links to Formal Opinion 483, as well as several other opinions and posts to provide background information and bolster the framework of the new opinion.
US midterm elections: A guide to everything you need to know Linking to multiple articles posted by CNN, beSpacific provides information on the upcoming midterm elections.
WIPO Lex provides free of charge access to legal information on intellectual property WIPO Lex, is a “. . . a global database that provides free of charge access to legal information on intellectual property (IP) such as treaties administered by WIPO.” Because WIPO is a specialized Agency of the United Nations, it is required to make intellectual property information available to the public. WIPO Lex “. . . also covers IP legal information of the Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO).”
GPO issues digital release of statue compilations The U.S. Government Publishing Office (“GPO”) recently released 40 statute compilations as part of a pilot program on the website govinfo; “[t]hese publications are compilations of public laws that either do not appear in the U.S. Code or that have been classified to a title of the U.S. Code that has not been enacted into positive law.” Expect additional statute compilations on the site in the next few months. Later, the GPO will “. . . convert legacy Statute Compilations file formats into United States Legislative Markup (USLM) XML and provide access to those files as bulk data.”
Navigating Law Librarianship While Black: A Week in the Life of a Black Female Law Librarian In a short yet poignant paper, three law librarians discuss a myriad of micro-aggressions that people of color, and specifically law librarians, suffer due to pervasive implicit biases. WPLLA member Joel Fishman also thoughtfully provided the paper as a /pdf attachment to the email, for those unable to visit the website.
Statistics and Academic Law Library Survival Cross-posted from The RIPS Law Librarian Blog, beSpacific posts inspirational words from a law librarian about the future of law and new opportunities for reinvention.
The Caselaw Access Project expands public access to US law Per beSpacific, the Caselaw Access Project (“CAP”) makes “. . . all published U.S. court decisions freely available to the public online.” The decisions are digitized from a collection housed at the Harvard Law Library. The information discussed on the blog post links to the scope and limits of the project, digitization specs, and usage and access rules, among others.

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September Link Roundup

Do these things to avoid post-vacation stress at work Seven great tips for bringing your sense of “inner peace” back with you post-vacation. Very smart of WPLLA Member Joel Fishman to send this link out the day after Labor Day!


How to Create a Professional Online Presence Authentically Marketing expert and entrepreneur Vana Koutsomitis gave a thoughtful Q&A with goop.com. She outlined some interesting suggestions for maintaining an authentic online image and how to promote yourself, your skills, and your brand using social media.


New on LLRX – Three TextExpander Snippets You Should Be Using to Save Time Immediately


Try http://www.textexpander.com to create Snippets that plug in your email address, phone number, and office mailing address. Save some time where-ever and when-ever you can!
Historical California legislative publications Check out the “California Legislative Publications 1850-2009” on HathiTrust for historical bills, statutes, bill histories, constitutional amendments, final calendars, and other materials.


LexisNexis sued for breach of contract by Ohio county law library The Medina County Law Library in Ohio has contracted with LexisNexis since 2002 to provide search services for approximately 100 attorneys not otherwise affiliated with the County or the Law Library. The library paid for access privileges; however, LexisNexis recently cancelled this license because “. . . the listed subscribers were not government professional users employed by the subscriber.” The library, in turn, filed suit.


May I finish? The case against interrupting The author suggests that this is a real problem – especially for women. Learn why people interrupt and how to handle the interruptions.


Save the Date: “The Past, Present, and Future of Libraries,” September 27-29, 2018, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA If you’re reading this on the WPLLA website, the event has already passed – but thanks to WPLLA member Joel Fishman for sending this to our attention! This free event focused on the history of libraries, the present opportunities for libraries, and the potential future for libraries as they continue to evolve in the 21st century. It also featured two keynote events. First, a panel discussion moderated by Sarah E. Thomas (Vice President for the Harvard Library and University Librarian and Roy E. Larsen Librarian for the Faculty of Arts and Sciences) with comments from Mary Lee Kennedy (Executive Director, Association of Research Libraries), Khalil Gibran Muhammad (Professor of History, Race, and Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School and Suzanne Young Murray Professor, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies), and Michael Witmore (Director, Folger Shakespeare Library). Second, a presentation from Deanna Marcum (Senior Advisor, Ithaka S+R) and Donald J. Waters (Senior Program Officer for Scholarly Communications, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation).

If you attended, shoot someone on the WPLLA Board a quick message; we’d love to hear from you.


Supreme Court Appointment Process: Senate Debate and Confirmation Vote beSpacific linked to a timely (and recently updated) CRS Report called, “Supreme Court Appointment Process: Senate Debate and Confirmation Vote.” Though the U.S. Constitution provides instruction for appointment in only a few brief words (“the President ‘shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint … Judges of the supreme Court'”), the process has undergone many changes over the past two hundred-or-so years. Click through for more info and the link!


12 Things You Absolutely Won’t Regret Doing at Work Today As the article so deftly notes, “Have you ever had one of those days when absolutely everything went wrong? When it felt like the universe was not only against you—but actually laughing in the face of your misfortune?” It then goes on to suggest 12 different quick-and-easy projects to tackle at work when you really need a “win” (like cleaning off your desk or tidying up your email inbox).


Wolters Kluwer Partners with U.S. Legal Forms On September 12, 2018, Wolters Kluwer Legal & Regulatory U.S. announced its partnership with U.S. Legal Forms, Inc., “. . . the leading online publisher of state-specific legal documents.” Additional features of Wolters Kluwer’s Legal Forms will now include the following: “[a]ccess to a wide range of forms (mostly state-specific) across many practice areas; [r]emote access to forms, allowing professionals to work on the go and edit the forms according to specific needs,” and customizable options tailored to specific practice areas or specific states.


LII Announces U.S. Constitution Annotated The Legal Information Institute’s (“LII”) U.S. Constitution Annotated “. . . links to Supreme Court opinions, the U.S. Code, and the Code of Federal Regulations” and provides “. . . enhanc[ed] navigation through search, breadcrumbs, linked footnotes and tables of contents.” Though the Congressional Research Service initially prepared the content, LII’s version provides “. . . a hypertext interpretation of the CRS text, updated to the currently published version.”


New bill would finally tear down federal judiciary’s ridiculous paywall ArsTechnica notes that “. . . Rep. Doug Collins (R-Ga.) has introduced legislation that would require that the courts make PACER documents available for download free of charge. . . . [as] federal courts have used PACER revenues as a slush fund to finance other court activities.” The author of the post doesn’t anticipate the proposed legislation to become law during this specific session, but it does indicate Congressional willingness to at least take up the issue.


New Corpus Linguistics Platform Lets Legal Researchers Explore the Meanings of Words and Phrases The Law and Corpus Linguistics Technology Platform, developed by BYU Law in Provo, Utah, is a “. . . first-of-its-kind technology platform” that “. . . allows legal researchers to examine large collections of historical texts to help determine the meanings of words and phrases in the contexts in which they historically were used.” It launched with three primary text collections:

·         Corpus of Founding Era American English (a collection from years 1760 to 1799);

·         Corpus of Supreme Court of the United States (all SCOTUS opinions through the 2017 term); and

·         Corpus of Early Modern English (a collection from years 1475-1800).

This project is already receiving accolades from distinguished sources, like Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas; it definitely seems worth a few minutes of curious exploration!


Trending: Congressional Research Service Reports Now Available Online Per the Library of Congress’ blog, “[t]he Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2018 directs the Library to . . . make CRS reports publicly available online.” The reports are now available at crsreports.congress.gov. Developed by experts, “. . . the reports present a legislative perspective on topics such as agriculture policy, counterterrorism operations, banking regulation, veteran’s issues and much more.” Please note that, “[m]oving forward, all new or updated reports will be added to the website as they are made available to Congress.” The CRS back catalog will be added as quickly as possible.


Cracking Student Silos: Linking Legal Writing And Clinical Learning Through Transference An article linked by TaxProf Blog questions why “. . . highly competent and hard-working law students struggle to apply what they learn in legal writing to later clinical courses and law practice.” Check out the article to find strategies that help students “. . . become reflective practitioners engaged in the life-long learning necessary for excellent legal practice.”


How to Prepare for an Interview: The Ultimate Guide An article published in the “Ask a Boss” column of The Cut (a style blog maintained by New York Magazine, and one of my guiltiest pleasures) promises to be the “. . . ultimate guide on how to prepare for an interview.” If you’re thinking about switching jobs anytime soon, give this a once-over!


Introducing Vincent: the first intelligent legal research assistant of its kind vLex recently introduced Vincent, the first AI-powered intelligent legal research assistant to analyze documents in two languages (English and Spanish) from 9 countries. Vincent can also incorporate content from vLex’s global collection, “. . . but also from internal knowledge management resources, public sources and licensed databases simultaneously.” Software engineers parsed vLex’s global collection of 100 million+ legal documents, and built the program “. . . on top of the Iceberg AI platform.”


Top 9 Writing Tools to Create Your Perfect Legal Resume The quality of a legal resume must be superlative because, “. . . as a lawyer, you are expected to present facts, as well as yourself, in the best way possible, as well as to pay attention to detail.” Review this Legal Research for web-based services and apps to help you get your resume in tip-top shape!


Important update about LC Public Access Portal for CRS Reports An update with important information about the Public Access Portal to Official CRS Reports:

First, “[t]he public versions of the reports are lightly redacted to remove the author’s contact information, and to add some boilerplate language about CRS.”

Second, currently, “. . . CRS is only posting its primary ‘R series’ reports” including reports like American War and Military Operations Casualties: Lists and Statistics and Congressional Primer on Responding to Major Disasters and Emergencies.


Pennsylvania’s Potential Gift to American Democracy As quoted by The Legal Intelligencer:

“On Tuesday, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court will hear oral argument in a case of immense political consequence, regarding fairness in elections, that almost no one has heard of. Both the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the basic citizen rights enumerated in Article I of the Constitution of Pennsylvania suggest that the plaintiffs have a very strong case.”


8 ideas for empowering jurors in complex trials Attorneys attempting to persuade jurors during a long and complex product liability trial usually focus on the clarity of their argument and the witness’ testimony. But what about “. . . informing and honing the thinking of the jury?” Some attorneys are now working to “. . .  develop jurors who are better prepared and better equipped to carry out the difficult tasks we place before them.” Click through the article for suggestions on how to better train jurors.



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August Link Roundup

New Mexico Law School Librarians’ Fight For Faculty Status And Equal Voting Rights A recent TaxProf Blog post highlights a new Law Library Journal article, published by AALL. “Based on research of over sixty years of archival records, this article presents a case study of the University of New Mexico School of Law librarians’ fight for respect, professional recognition, faculty status, and voting rights in the face of persistent opposition from law school administrators, faculty, and head librarians.” It poignantly acknowledges the “. . . challenges law librarians have confronted as they have sought to obtain rights and privileges within their institutions that their academic credentials and professional responsibilities warrant.”


Is Wikipedia A Reliable Legal Authority? (2018 Update) The answer, as any good lawyer would tell you, is “it depends.” But links from a beSpacific post to articles on Associates Mind and the Chronicle of Higher education provide a more nuanced analysis!


The Citeable Opinion: A Quantitative Analysis of the Style and Impact of Judicial Decision In a research paper available for download on SSRN, and linked in this beSpacific post, Nina Varsava provides a quantitative analysis judicial legal writing style and the “legal impact or precedential power.” Using regression analyses, Varsava suggests “. . . that readily measurable elements of style have strong associations with a decision’s precedential power.”


WPLLA member Joel Fishman forwarded an email on August 8, 2018 from the Legal Office Guru. The post provides multiple helpful links on the basics of the relatively new Microsoft Word function, Styles. Check the email for more info!


AALL 2018 Recap: 25 Free Technologies for Law Libraries: Second Edition Avery Le (Emory University School of Law) and Eliza Fink (University of Tennessee College of Law) presented the top 25 free technologies they use, divided into three categories (instructional, practical, and cost). The list includes:
– KnightLab (to make timelines or side-frame comparisons),
– YouCanBook.me (appointment scheduler),
– SlickPie (accounting software),
– and our old favorite, Grammarly (corrects grammatical mistakes).
Check out the blog post for the full list! 
Are Targeted Ads Stalking You? Here’s How to Make Them Stop Online ads have become “stalker ads,” as the tech piece from the New York Times claims. Ads are targeted and persistent. They use web cookies to collect information about our browsing activities; the data is compiled to target us across web-connected devices. This raises a host of privacy concerns. For ways to “sidestep” targeting ads, clear your cookies periodically and follow the rest of the suggestions in the article.


Automatically Create Website Citations For a Bibliography With This Chrome Extension LifeHacker (a great website; check it out if you’re not already a regular) reviews Cite This For Me. This Chrome extension “. . . automatically creates website citations in APA, MLA, Chicago, or Harvard style with a quick click on its icon on your browser’s toolbar.”


New Superintendent of Documents Classification Guidelines “Newly-revised Classification Guidelines for the Superintendent of Documents (SuDocs) classification system are now available.” Updates include:
– updated SuDocs link to Catalog of U.S. Government Publications (“CGP”) catalog records,
– new Table of Contents structure,
– printer-friendly format,
– and more.
If you like what you see, or if you have any comments, questions, or concerns, send emails to Caroline Hassler or Fang Gao
The Art and Science of Lawyering: Law 3.0 Law Technology Today, in a post highlighted by beSpacific, laments that “[l]egal organizations have a well-deserved reputation for using technology and implementing business processes ineffectively at scale.” The issues can be traced back to “partner-focused business entities.” Read on for more info!


New CRS Reports – Judge Kavanaugh’s Jurisprudence, Supreme Court Nomination, Records, Papers and Decision beSpacific links to five distinct articles analyzing not only the jurisprudence of Supreme Court Justice-nominee Brett M. Kavanaugh but also judicial ethics, fact-finding, and criminal sentencing. Click through each link for more detailed information.


Hardly living on a UC librarian salary The University of California’s librarians’ union (UC-AFT) and the university system are currently in the middle of contract negotiations. This op-ed details some of the struggles UC librarians live with as their salaries seemingly shrink in the face of rising cost-of-living expenses in some of the most expensive areas of the country.


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July Link Roundup

President’s Selection of a Nominee for a Supreme Court Vacancy: Overview Following Justice Kennedy’s departure from the U.S. Supreme Court, the website “Every CRS Report” provides info on the process for selecting a new Justice. It also links to CRS Report R44235, Supreme Court Appointment Process: President’s Selection of a Nominee.


The Longform Guide to the Supreme Court beSpacific links to a cache of in-depth stories on the Supreme Court hosted by Longform.org. Article authors include Jill Lepore, Thomas L. Dybdahl, Justice John Paul Stevens, and Jeffrey Toobin.


14 editing tips Wayne Schiess shares fourteen editing tips on his blog, legalwriting.net. They include “build in ample time for editing” and “employ an editing checklist—a list of mistakes you make, of required parts the document needs, and of formatting and other matters to check.”


Explaining the First Citation in Every Supreme Court Slip Opinion This statement is at the top of the original form of every Supreme Court opinion:
NOTE: Where it is feasible, a syllabus (headnote) will be released, as is being done in connection with this case, at the time the opinion is issued. The syllabus constitutes no part of the opinion of the Court but has been prepared by the Reporter of Decisions for the convenience of the reader. See United States v. Detroit Timber & Lumber Co., 200 U. S. 321, 337.
Why? Orin Kerr on reason.com explains; it stems from a 1906 property dispute. Click through to the blog post to learn more. 
Getting a password manager is the most important way to improve your online security The Washington Post recommends Dashlane, used by over 10 million people, as the best password manager available today. Free for use on a single device, and $3.33 per month for multiple devices, it can securely sync your passwords across computers, phones, and tablets; it also sends you a new password via an app each time you try to log into a password-protected program. It hasn’t been hacked since 2015 – and even then, no passwords were stolen. This beSpacific blog post links to both the Washington Post article and the Dashlane website itself.


13 New Exhibitors at AALL Annual Conference: ILS Software, Data, Training Vendors Jean O’Grady of the Dewey B Strategic blog highlights the 13 “first time exhibitors” who attended the AALL Conference in Baltimore, held July 14-16th. Companies included Gobi (a web-based acquisition tool for managing both print and e-books) and Tyler Technologies (court workflow and records management services).

If you attended the AALL Conference, let us know if you chatted with reps from any of these companies! We’d love to get your opinion and schedule a Fall 2018/Spring 2019 lunch-and-learn program with anyone who knocked your socks off!


Win for Public Right to Know: Court Vacates Injunction Against Publishing the Law A win for those dedicated to preserving public, equitable access to information: “A federal appeals court today ruled that industry groups cannot control publication of binding laws and standards. This decision protects the work of Public.Resource.org (PRO), a nonprofit organization that works to improve access to government documents. PRO is represented by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), the law firm of Fenwick & West, and attorney David Halperin.” Click the link for more info and the full opinion.


The last 22 years of UK politics just became searchable online In an email from WPLLA member Joel Fishman, the new UK politics archive “contains over 1.4 billion web pages, documents and social media posts, from the ‘dodgy’ Iraq dossier to ministers’ tweets.” Though the main link requires a user account, the links in the body of the email to the UK Government Web Archive and GOV.UK are free and open to the public.
Congress.gov New, Tip, and Top for July 2018 The second set of enhancement to Congress.gov went live in June 2018; one area of focus “is on enhancing committee data.”


Beware the Hidden Costs of Bad Formatting “The Legal Office Guru has heard every excuse in the book for why law firms skimp on training, and reader Roberta Gelb forwarded an article illustrating how firms could be losing up to $400,000/year on basic editing mistakes that need to be painstakingly corrected. The post also includes a downloadable Word Skills Checklist so you can make sure you’re one of the competent, capable ones in the office!


One more time – No, Amazon Cannot Replace Libraries After Forbes magazine published the article, “Amazon Should Replace Local Libraries to Save Taxpayers Money,” the world erupted. Folks were especially upset with the author “. . . picking Amazon—notorious for its horrible treatment of employees, and accusations of ruining the cities it opens warehouses in—as a potential replacement.” “[T]he notion that libraries aren’t worth their value to taxpayers—one that fails to take into account the financial returns of a library and expenses of buying these items on one’s own—fails to address the vast importance a library has on its community as a physical space open to anyone in the public.” Forbes has since removed the anti-free-libraries article from its website.


The Librarian And The Astrophysicist As WPLLA member Rita Young noted, Forbes quickly followed up their anti-free-libraries article with a pro-library article; “[a] bit of an ‘oops, we’re sorry.” This new mea culpa was written by an astrophysicist/library-enthusiast.


Three Technologies Transforming the Legal Field “Thomson Reuters’ 2018 Report on the State of the Legal Market surmised that declining profit margins, weakening collections, falling productivity, and loss of market share to alternative legal service providers are chipping away at the foundations of firm profitability.” But there are ways to “counteract these market pressures and to differentiate . . . from competitors.” Review this beSpacific post linking to a Law Technology Today article to learn more about analytics, blockchain, OCR, and other cost-effective services.


Judicial Opinions of Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh and his very bigly paper trail Coordinating three articles from the Congressional Research Service, The Hill, and the Washington Post, this beSpacific post analyzes Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh and the nearly 1,500 decisions he has adjudicated. Some suggest his paper trail “tops a million pages.”



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June Link Roundup

Bye, Chrome: Why I’m switching to Firefox and you should too In an interview with Madhava Enros, the senior director of Firefox UX, and Peter Dolanjski, a product manager for Firefox, the two explain how Mozilla’s browser builds privacy into its architecture.


Bringing Harassment Out of the History Books Anne Ford, in a long form article posted on the American Libraries Magazine website, “address[es] the troubling aspects of Melvil Dewey’s legacy.” Ford’s research highlights troubling aspects of Dewey’s career and personality, calling it “tainted” by sexism and racism.


5 Tools to Help You Search the Archived Internet As Adam Rowe of Tech.Co noted, “keeping the internet a stable and reliable network isn’t all about data security – it’s also about data preservation.” This article reviews five websites, apps, and tools to help “preserve, protect, or search through your online footprint.”


What got breached this week? The List Keeps On Growing A beSpacific post links to a weekly cybersecurity column detailing corporate, social media, government, academic, e-commerce, and health care breaches.


Casetext Survey Finds ‘Shocking’ Level of Missing Relevant Cases in US Courts Artificial Lawyer (an AI and Legal Automation news and opinion blog), in conjunction with Casetext, found that ” that 83% of US judges and their clerks find that lawyers’ briefs are missing relevant cases that could impact the trial ‘at least some of the time’.” Click through the link to learn more statistics and info.


Librarians: Embrace the Career Revolution! Following the recent British and Irish Association of Law Librarians (“BIALL”) Conference, attendees have decided to continue discussing its theme: “Designing our Future.” Because people should now plan for “plan for five careers in a lifetime,” this post discusses changes to the law librarian profession and things you can do to keep succeeding (or pivot).


Best web browsers 2018: Chrome, Edge, Firefox, and Opera go head-to-head PCWorld reviewed various web browsers to make sure you’re using “the best tool for the job,” Read this post to find out if you should be using Edge, Chrome, Firefox, or Opera.


Breaking News: Practicing Law Institute and Fastcase Alliance Adds Case Law Links to PLI Plus Platform Starting in July 2018, the PLI Plus platform user will have access to all United States federal and state case law citations; they will be linked to Fastcase documents as the result of a new alliance between the Practicing Law Institute (PLI) and Fastcase.



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May Links Roundup

Gmail’s Smart Compose will write emails for you Smart Compose, a feature now available in the new Gmail re-vamp, “suggests complete sentences in your emails so that you can draft them with ease.”


Use Google Scholar’s Advanced Search for Narrow Case Law Searching This Texas Tech Law Library’s blog post provides interesting “tricks” for getting the most out of Google Scholar, a free case law search tool. These tricks “will help you narrow your search results to relevant cases.”


From Slip Law to United States Code: A Guide to Federal Statutes for Congressional Staff A CRS Report released on May 2, 2018 “provides an overview of federal statutes in their various forms, as well as basic guidance for congressional staff interested in researching statutes.”


3 Easy Ways to Convert Webpages Into PDFs If you could convert a webpage into a .pdf, “you could read any webpage offline in no-internet zones, making it easy to read articles and other pages offline.” This blog post details three easy, user-friendly ways to complete such a task! (Now, we can take even more reading home with us when we leave the office each weekday!)


Guide to Gmail’s new ‘confidential mode’ According to Business Insider and beSpacific, “[c]onfidential mode is available to users with personal accounts who opted into the new version of Gmail last month, when Google announced the latest changes to its email application.”


How To Improve Pennsylvania’s Tax System As noted by a professor at George Mason University, “Pennsylvania ranks near the top in tax burden and near the bottom in business friendliness in the nation. While much good can be said about the state’s personal income tax rate and relatively low sales tax rate, Pennsylvania’s business taxes are in serious need of reform.” This blog post reflects on potential improvements.


New on LLRX – 2018 New Economy Resources and Tools Linked by beSpacific, this guide “provides researchers in multiple disciplines – law, economists, academia, government, corporate, and journalism – the latest, most reliable web resources for discovering sources to meet the multifaceted needs of time sensitive, specific, actionable work product.”


Paper – Cutting through the Fog: Government Information, Librarians, and the Forty-Fifth Presidency Reflecting on “an increasingly polarized electorate, concerns about ‘fake news,’ and a greater use of social media” as well as the Trump Administration’s utilization of “disintermediation of information consumption by communicating directly to the public and going around the ‘experts,'” this new book examines the impact on government information librarians especially  their concern “with the production, distribution, consumption, and preservation of government information, and impact the public’s understanding of—and trust in—government information.”


Public can now search UK government’s entire digital archive For the first time, “[t]he British government’s entire online presence comprising billions of web pages has been indexed and digitally archived to the cloud for the first time. Manchester tech firm MirrorWeb has devised an all-new indexing to create an accessible, searchable and user-friendly resource for the public.” This web archive collection is 120TB and includes every government department website and social media account from 1996 to the present.


In a May 21, 2018 email, Rita Young shared her response from the Office of the Mayor of Philadelphia regarding the redistribution of civil filing fees (thus imperiling the Jenkins Law Library). The stinging message read, in part, “law libraries, including Jenkins, do not serve the same function today as they did years ago.”


CRS – False Statements and Perjury: An Overview of Federal Criminal Law The Mueller investigation’s interest in potentially investigating President Trump begs the question: “whether a sitting President, consistent with the separation of powers and Article II of the Constitution, may be required to comply with a subpoena for his testimony as part of an ongoing criminal investigation.”  This CRS Report goes into detail about the type of subpoena Mueller could issue and thoughtfully questions issues regarding separation of powers between the various branches of government.


INSTANTLY CREATE AND SHARE A BIBLIOGRAPHY WITH ZOTEROBIB – EVEN IN BLUEBOOK A helpful post from the WisBlawg (the University of Wisconsin’s Law Library Blog) recommends “Zotero,” “an incredibly powerful citation manager that helps you collect, organize, cite, and share research.” The site is open source (so it’s free!), “perfect for large research projects where you’re researching over a period of days, weeks, [or] months,” and supports multiple citation styles, including Bluebook. The post also includes info on other citation sites, including EasyBib and ZoteroBib.


New edition of Zotero: A Guide for Librarians, Researchers and Educators published by ACRL


Follow the links provided in this Law Librarian Blog post for a “thorough introduction to Zotero.”


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April Link Round Up

FDLP MODERNIZATION ACT OF 2018 WOULD ENSURE GREATER ACCESS TO GOVERNMENT INFORMATION The April 2018 AALL Washington EBulletin, forwarded by Joel Fishman, reviews the FLP Modernization Act of 2018 and provides a section-by-section analysis of the bill as well as information on how the GPO, Copyright Office, Congressional Research Service, and Library of Congress budgets will fare under the Omnibus spending bill.


Judge Declares Some PACER Fees Illegal but Does Not Go Far Enough On March 31, 2018, Judge Huvelle of the US District Court for the District of Columbia rules that approximately $200 million will likely be returned to people who paid PACER fees from 2010 to 2016. The author of the linked blog post believes that this is a first step towards determining that PACER fees are prohibitively expensive and/or unconstitutional – though Judge Huvelle does not approach that ideological decision in the opinion.


Can Law Librarian/Vendors Relations Ever Be a Win-Win Relationship Again? In a 3 Geeks and a Law Blog post forwarded by Joel Fishman (and linked within the email), the current AALL president muses on the current state of the relationship between “legal information providers (vendors) and legal information professionals (law librarians)” and how it’s going to change in the future.


Massive restructuring at the ABA will rehouse entities under 9 centers An announcement from the executive director of the ABA details a “major restructuring of the organization,” complete with the creation of nine new Centers falling under one of the four main goals of the ABA umbrella: “serving members; improving the profession; eliminating bias and enhancing diversity; and advancing the rule of law.” Read the article for a full list of the names and aims of the new Centers.


Why RSS Still Beats Facebook and Twitter for Tracking News RSS hasn’t gone away; according to a beSpacific link to a Gizmodo article, it’s “faster, more efficient, and you won’t have to worry as much about accidentally leaking your news reading habit to all your Facebook friends.”


“The Board will be gathering more facts in order to determine how to effectively respond” to LexisNexis’ tying ultimatum Read this post on the Law Librarian Blog for information on “recent LexisNexis tie-in attempts”: “the Company refuses to sell print or ancillary products in retaliation for cancelling Lexis Advance as if this may be a new company sales policy.”


CRS – Sexual Harassment and Title VII: Selected Legal Issues The CRS report, linked through beSpacific, to examine Supreme Court precedent addressing Title VII sexual harassment claims, the statutory interpretation and rationales reflected in these decisions, and examples of lower federal court decisions applying this precedent. The report also discusses various types of harassment recognized by the Supreme Court (such as “hostile work environment,” quid pro quo, constructive discharge, and same-sex harassment) as well as sexual harassment in the context of retaliation.


CRS – Statutory Interpretation: Theories, Tools, and Trends A link on beSpacific to a CRS paper explaining the tools judges use to gather evidence of statutory meaning.


An email forwarded by Cindy Cicco explains House Bill 1937: a proposal to divert court filing fees from funding the Jenkins Law Library to the First Judicial District’s general fund. The Philadelphia Bar Association is considering a resolution in support of this legislation. The message provides additional information to help concerned citizens oppose the Philadelphia Bar Associations potential resolution and the House Bill.


4 Ways to Deal With a Toxic Coworker If you’re having a rough day (or if someone in particular is really getting on your nerves), take a look at this Harvard Business Review study to identify toxic team members and come up with constructive ways to deal with him/her.


In an April 11, 2018 Press Release, the U.S. Government Publishing Office announced it, along with the National Archives’ Office of the Federal Register have “digitized every issue of the Federal Register, dating back to the first one published in 1936. A total of 14,587 individual issues, which is nearly two million pages, has been digitized.” See the email forwarded by Joel Fishman for an attachment of the Press Release and the URL for the new home of the digitized works.


This is the new Gmail design Check out the new Gmail redesign before its implemented!


House Committee Markups: Manual of Procedures and Procedural Strategies A recently released CRS report “examines procedures and strategy related to committee markups and provides sample procedural scripts.”


GOODBYE FDSYS, HELLO GOVINFO This blog post notes (with unanticipated gusto, I might add) that sometime in late 2018, Fdsys will be officially and formally replaced by Govinfo. Read the full post to learn the differences and nuances between the two, and get ready for the switch.


New on LLRX – Can Legal Research Be Taught? Part 3: Pushing Ourselves Further Legal research experts conclude “to be the experts in legal research we must also be leaders in developing knowledge in our field, furthering the understanding of the legal domain and of our own place within it.”


Papers of Benjamin Franklin Now Online In an email forwarded by Joel Fishman, Benjamin Franklin’s papers are now posted online. Visit the Library of Congress’ website to peruse at your leisure!


First Draft and fake news Forwarded by Joel Fishman, this email links to a project from the Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein Center; it includes a PDF download of A Field Guide to Fake News and Other Information Disorders and a free online course to help readers better identify misinformation.


Navigating through Wikipedia articles on desktop just got a lot easier The new “page previews” feature allows users to get a quick grasp of what’s behind a link without committing to a click-through.


Five Books To Help You Be More Productive And Organized Tips, tricks, and newfangled apps only go so far. For more detailed info on organization and productivity, check out the books listed in this Fast Company article.


Points of Law Wins 2018 AALL New Product Award Excerpted from the beSpacific blog post:
“The American Association of Law Libraries (AALL) has named Points of Law as its 2018 New Product Award winner. Introduced in 2016 using artificial intelligence and machine learning to assist in legal research, Points of Law is a product of Bloomberg Law. Points of Law allows users to quickly identify and analyze language in a judicial opinion. The product adds a layer of automated indexing to its 1 3 million—and counting—library of published and unpublished state and federal court opinions to provide users with a decision’s legal points and identify legal precedents. In addition, researchers can conduct keyword searches across all case law or specific jurisdictions within the content library.”
Library of Congress Posts U.S. Supreme Court Cases collection The Library of Congress has posted “more than 225 years of decisions” and this beSpacific blog post also links to other helpful sites where a reader can translate citations from a nominative reporter to a volume of the U.S. Report.



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March Link Roundup

Librarians digitally archive rare White House images According to news alerts from the ALA and CNN, a “team of librarians working for the White House Historical Association have been digitizing archives of uncatalogued slides from White House history, most of which haven’t been accessible by the public before now.” If you spot something you want for your home or office, you can buy high-resolution images or download them for free at a lower resolution.
Classified Presidential Library Records to be Moved to DC In a press release from the National Archives, approximately 75 million pages of classified records housed at presidential libraries across the U.S. will be gathered and moved to Washington, D.C. for declassification review.
Citizen Archivist Missions The National Archives has curated a list of transcription/tagging volunteer projects. See the post and follow the links to check out topics that interest you, and you can start helping ASAP!
  WPLLA member Joel Fishman forwarded an email and listpost describing a new infrastructure service being spearheaded by digital preservationists at Yale University Library; it will “resurrect thousands of obsolete software programs and ensure that the information produced on them will be kept intact and made easily available for future access, study, and use.”

For more info, see the blog post here.

Ambrogi – In New Ethics Ruling On Blogging, ABA Opines Like It’s 1999 The American Bar Association published Formal Opinion 480 regarding “the ethics obligations around the ‘newest format’ in online publishing by lawyers, blogs, as well as listservs, online articles, website postings, and ‘brief online statements or microblogs’ such as Twitter.” Does this opinion cement the ABA’s reputation as being “behind the curve on technology issues?”
Law Library of Congress digitally releases U.S. Reports from 1791 to 2004 “The Law Library of Congress . . . released digital copies of the printed bound volumes of the United States Reports from 1791 to 2004, making more than 35,000 Supreme Court cases available for the first time online as page images in a searchable format.”
Exploring Pennsylvania’s Gerrymandered Congressional Districts In an email from WPLLA member Pat Roncevich, a blog post with a more detailed “expert witness spatial analysis” about Pennsylvania’s gerrymandered election districts.
Introduced Legislation to Amend Title 44, U.S.C. In an email from WPLLA member Pat Roncevich, a link to the Federal Depository Library Program’s posting of the full text for the FDLP Modernization Act of 2018 to amend Title 44 of the U.S. Code.
  In an email from WPLLA member Joel Fishman, govinfo.gov posted a new series of “Precedents of the U.S. House of Representatives (2017).
How to Locate the Bills and Amendments a Member of Congress has Sponsored or Cosponsored in Congress.gov Cross-posted from Custodia Legis – “One of the questions we are frequently asked is how to locate a bill or amendment that a member of Congress has sponsored or cosponsored. There are a few ways to do this on Congress.gov…”
The Academic Law Library in the Age of Affiliations: A Case Study of the University of New Hampshire Law Library beSpacific linked to an article published in the Law Library Journal, which studies the University of New Hampshire Law Library’s recent affiliation with another law school.
AALL partners with Perma.cc to ensure unbroken links to association publications AALL announced a partnership with Perma.cc; this will ensure AALL publications remain complete and maintain their longevity for the benefit of its more than 4,500 members.
GPO Statement On H.R. 5305, The FDLP Modernization Act Of 2018 Recently-introduced H.R. 5305 (the FDLP Modernization Act of 2018) is a bipartisan bill cosponsored by all other members of the Committee to reform the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP). “The bill affirms the principle that the free flow of Government information is fundamental to the health of our democracy, and acknowledges the important role Federal depository libraries play in ensuring free public access to that information.”
New Linked Citations in the Congressional Record Index New editions of the Congressional Record Index will hyperlink citations in the text file for bills and pages in the Congressional Record to the  corresponding document in govinfo. This beSpacific blog post also links to the current and previous editions of the Congressional Record Index.
CRS Reports in Scope of the FDLP The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018 includes a provision titled, “Equal Access to Congressional Research Service Reports,” which directs the Congressional Research Service (CRS) to make non-confidential CRS Reports freely-available to the public.

The Federal Depository Library Program notes “Historically, distribution of CRS Reports was limited to Members of Congress. They were not considered in the public domain, and therefore, CRS Reports were out of scope of the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP). Once CRS Reports begin to be publicly-disseminated, these reports will be in scope of the FDLP. “